Nanoscience and technology

Definition

Nanoscience and technology is the branch of science that studies systems and manipulates matter on atomic, molecular and supramolecular scales (the nanometre scale). On such a length scale, quantum mechanical and surface boundary effects become relevant, conferring properties on materials that are not observable on larger, macroscopic length scales.

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Latest Research and Reviews

  • Reviews |

    The discovery of new thermoelectric materials is challenging owing to the diversity of the chemical space and to the serial nature of experimental work. This Review highlights the recent progress in computationally guided discovery of thermoelectric materials and identifies the key outstanding challenges.

    • Prashun Gorai
    • , Vladan Stevanović
    •  & Eric S. Toberer
  • Research | | open

    Screening libraries of genetically engineered microbes for secreted products is limited by the available assay throughput. Here the authors combine aptamer-based fluorescent detection with droplet microfluidics to achieve high throughput screening of yeast strains engineered for enhanced tyrosine or streptavidin production.

    • Joseph Abatemarco
    • , Maen F. Sarhan
    • , James M. Wagner
    • , Jyun-Liang Lin
    • , Leqian Liu
    • , Wafa Hassouneh
    • , Shuo-Fu Yuan
    • , Hal S. Alper
    •  & Adam R. Abate
  • Research |

    The statistical concepts for false discovery rate control long applied in the field of data-dependent acquisition (DDA) mass spectrometry-based proteomics can be adapted for the emerging technique of data-independent acquisition (DIA) mass spectrometry.

    • George Rosenberger
    • , Isabell Bludau
    • , Uwe Schmitt
    • , Moritz Heusel
    • , Christie L Hunter
    • , Yansheng Liu
    • , Michael J MacCoss
    • , Brendan X MacLean
    • , Alexey I Nesvizhskii
    • , Patrick G A Pedrioli
    • , Lukas Reiter
    • , Hannes L Röst
    • , Stephen Tate
    • , Ying S Ting
    • , Ben C Collins
    •  & Ruedi Aebersold
  • Research |

    Irradiation with a strong terahertz electric-field pulse is found to induce a Mott transition in an organic molecular compound. The metallization is attributed to an impulsive dielectric breakdown.

    • H. Yamakawa
    • , T. Miyamoto
    • , T. Morimoto
    • , T. Terashige
    • , H. Yada
    • , N. Kida
    • , M. Suda
    • , H. M. Yamamoto
    • , R. Kato
    • , K. Miyagawa
    • , K. Kanoda
    •  & H. Okamoto
  • Research |

    Graphene systems are clean platforms for studying electron–electron (e–e) collisions. Electron transport in graphene constrictions is now found to behave anomalously due to e–e interactions: conductance values exceed the maximum free-electron value.

    • R. Krishna Kumar
    • , D. A. Bandurin
    • , F. M. D. Pellegrino
    • , Y. Cao
    • , A. Principi
    • , H. Guo
    • , G. H. Auton
    • , M. Ben Shalom
    • , L. A. Ponomarenko
    • , G. Falkovich
    • , K. Watanabe
    • , T. Taniguchi
    • , I. V. Grigorieva
    • , L. S. Levitov
    • , M. Polini
    •  & A. K. Geim

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