Materials science

Definition

Materials science is an interdisciplinary field concerned with the understanding and application of the properties of matter. Materials scientists study the connections between the underlying structure of a material, its properties, its processing methods and its performance in applications.

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Latest Research and Reviews

  • Reviews |

    The discovery of new thermoelectric materials is challenging owing to the diversity of the chemical space and to the serial nature of experimental work. This Review highlights the recent progress in computationally guided discovery of thermoelectric materials and identifies the key outstanding challenges.

    • Prashun Gorai
    • , Vladan Stevanović
    •  & Eric S. Toberer
  • Research | | open

    Cold atom quantum simulation has had challenges in realising the tailored, dynamic types of disorder relevant to real materials. Here, the authors use synthetic momentum-space lattices to engineer spatially and dynamically controlled disorder to observe ballistic, diffusive, and arrested atomic transport.

    • Fangzhao Alex An
    • , Eric J. Meier
    •  & Bryce Gadway
  • Research | | open

    Most bacteria live in biofilms, surface-attached communities encased in an extracellular matrix. Here, Yan et al. show that matrix production in Vibrio cholerae increases the osmotic pressure within the biofilm, promoting biofilm expansion and physical exclusion of non-matrix producing cheaters.

    • Jing Yan
    • , Carey D. Nadell
    • , Howard A. Stone
    • , Ned S. Wingreen
    •  & Bonnie L. Bassler
  • Research |

    Theoretical analysis of competing diffusion modes within electrocatalytic films is challenging. It is now shown that the competition depends on a single dimensionless parameter that contains all operational and structural experimental factors.

    • Cyrille Costentin
    • , Carlo Di Giovanni
    • , Marion Giraud
    • , Jean-Michel Savéant
    •  & Cédric Tard
  • Research |

    Two coordination cages have been devised that undergo covalent modification during a cascade of two orthogonal Diels–Alder reactions. This results in increased lipophilicity for the second cage, enabling its phase transfer and separation from the first. The trigger, relay and inhibition features of this cascade system mimic key aspects of natural post-translational modification cascades.

    • Ben S. Pilgrim
    • , Derrick A. Roberts
    • , Thorsten G. Lohr
    • , Tanya K. Ronson
    •  & Jonathan R. Nitschke

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