Earth and environmental sciences


Earth and environmental sciences cover all aspects of Earth and planetary sciences, and broadly encompasses solid Earth processes, surface and atmospheric dynamics, Earth system history, climate and climate change, marine and freshwater systems, and ecology. It also considers the interactions between humans and these systems.


Latest Research and Reviews

News and Comment

  • Comments and Opinion |

    Few clinical trials incorporate studies of evolutionary cancer biology, despite the frequent emergence of acquired resistance to anticancer therapies. This problem motivated the first CRUK Marshall Symposium on Cancer Evolution in May 2017, which provided a forum for evolutionary and ecological theorists, cancer biologists, and clinicians to consider how evolutionary biology might inform improvements in cancer medicine. Herein, we discuss the key themes and opportunities for the future.

    • Erik Sahai
    • , Charles Swanton
    •  & and Marshall Symposium
  • Comments and Opinion |

    As sea levels rise, human displacement and subsequent land-use change may be as ecologically significant as the direct impacts of climate change. New work suggesting that mean sea level will rise further and faster than previously thought calls attention to the importance of these indirect processes for ecology and conservation.

    • Steven L. Chown
    •  & Grant A. Duffy
  • Editorial |

    Ecological research projects that span decades provide unprecedented insight into the functioning and dynamics of populations, communities and ecosystems. We should treasure and protect them.

  • News and Views |

    Estimates of carbon in the deep mantle vary by more than an order of magnitude. Coupled volcanic CO2 emission data and magma supply rates reveal a carbon-rich mantle plume source region beneath Hawai'i with 40% more carbon than previous estimates.

    • Peter H. Barry